HTML Introduction

What is HTML?

HTML is a language for describing web pages.
  • HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language
  • HTML is a markup language
  • A markup language is a set of markup tags
  • The tags describe document content
  • HTML documents contain HTML tags and plain text
  • HTML documents are also called web pages
  • HTML Tags

    HTML markup tags are usually called HTML tags
  • HTML tags are keywords (tag names) surrounded by angle brackets like <html>
  • HTML tags normally come in pairs like <b> and </b>
  • The first tag in a pair is the start tag, the second tag is the end tag
  • The end tag is written like the start tag, with a forward slash before the tag name
  • Start and end tags are also called opening tags and closing tags

    HTML Versions

    Since the early days of the web, there have been many versions of HTML:
    Version Year
    HTML 1991
    • 1993
    HTML 2.0 1995
    HTML 3.2 1997
    HTML 4.01 1999
    XHTML 2000
    HTML5 2012



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